Clinical signs of Feline Viral RhinoTracheitis
The important clinical signs are-
Mortality is higher in young and emaciated animals.
Diagnosis of Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis Disease
1. Clinical signs diagnosis is very difficult. Lab diagnosis has to be made by attempting virus isolation and identification.
2. Electron microscopy study of vesicular fluids.
3. Histopathology of upper respiratory tract including demonstration of Cowdry type- A inclusion coupled with clinical signs
The affected house cats may be treated with antiviral drugs such as 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine, cytosinearabinoside and acylogluanocine.
Rhinotracheitis is a fairly mild condition. Chronic rhinosinusitis (sneezing and nasal discharge) is noticed among certain cats. The infection may long last for at least 10 days when secondary bacterial infections develop.
Prevention and Control of Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis
The regimen of Fel-O-Vax as recommended for feline panleucopenia is followed for prevention of feline viral rhinotracheitis disease. The vaccine reduces the incidence of the disease but does not prevent infection.