September 11, 2007 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Diseases
Cat kidney disease is one of the most readily recognized spontaneously occurring pathological conditions encountering among the felids. This disease appearing in acute/chronic stages is easily detectable by morphological appearance of one or both the kidneys and longitudinal incision of the organ and examination of capsule.
Cat kidney disease is widespread throughout the world and one of the most common causes of mortality not only among domestic cats but also wild felids.
Feline Kidney disease is also one of the common pathological conditions encountered in tigers, lions, leopards and lesser cats of several zoos.
Kidney disease of cat has multi factorial etiology. It is either infectious or non-infectious in origin.
Feline kidney is not primarily affected by any infectious agent but secondarily involved in FIP, Feline panleucopenia, feline leukemia, pasteurellosis, salmonellosis, leptospirosis, colibacillosis, dirofilariasis, immune complex glomerulonephritis, dental infections etc.
Non-infectious causes of cat kidney disease include congenital anomalies, nutritional disorders like hypervitaminosis D, chronic multiple vitamin deficiencies, urolithiasis, traumatic injuries, diabetes mellitus, poisoning by glycol/oxalate, neoplasia etc.