Safety of Ivermectin in Cats and Dogs

June 29, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Diseases

Ivermectin in cats

There is no doubt that the ivermectin is very effective in treating the parasitic infection. But the side effects are the cause of worry. The side effects are very much related to the quantity of the medicine used in treating the case. Higher the dose higher is the side effects are other complications.

The dosage of the ivermectin varies according to the purpose. The preventive dosages are generally low, hence the side effects very much limited. But the treatment dosages are more; hence there is an increased chance for possible side effects.  Higher doses are recommended for treating demodex mite, sarcoptic mite and other dangerous parasitic infection. Ivermectin if used as per the direction of the vet, then there is no need to bother about the side effects.  
Ivermectin side effects in cats

By and large, Ivermectin is very safe to use in cats. But one has to be wary of possible side effects listed here. They are crying, agitation, lack of appetite, paralysis of the hind limb, disorientation, muscle tremors, blindness, dilapidated pupils, head pressing, wall climbing etc. if you notice any one of the symptoms, do consult the vet and stop the medication if advised so.

Ivermectin side effects in dogs

The Ivermectin side effects in dog are related to the doasage of the medicine, susceptablity of the dog and lodging of heartworm microfilaria. Microfilaria is the larval form of the heart worm. If used in higher doses for treatment in dogs, Ivermectin is likely doing develop one more of the following side effects. They are Vomiting, blindness, in coordination, dehydration, dilapidated pupils, lethargy, lack of appetite etc. if ivermectin is used in dog infected with heart worm; a shock like reaction is possible which is caused by dying microfilaria. This shock like reaction may be accompanied by vomition, low body temperature and lethargy.

Ivermectin side effects in collies and similar breeds

In dogs, especially in collies, Ivermectin causes neurotoxicity. Neurotoxicity is manifested in the form of muscle tremors, in coordination, seizures, blindness and death. This neurotoxicity is very common in dogs that have multi drug resistance gene mutation, termed as MDR1.

 

Fatty Liver Disease in Cats

June 28, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Diseases

Diseased cat

Fatty liver disease also known as hepatic lipidosis is very among cats. You can suspect this condition when an over weight cats reduces the food intake all of a sudden. The loss of appetite can be due numerous factors, hence rule out other causes before confirming the diagnosis. No harm in seeking the veterinarian assistance as the fatty liver disease is very harmful and endangers the very survival of the lovely pet.

Fatty Liver Disease –Clinical Sign

The first tell tale sign is decreased food intake and reduced energy level in otherwise active cat. The cat will be very lethargic and will not play as much it used to. In most cases these early warning signs go unnoticed as they are very subtle. As the days pass, the clinical signs will be more pronounced crying for the attention of the owners. Soon the cat will refuse to eat even a bit. The cat will start vomiting and can develop jaundice. At this stage the liver is completely down. But the cat can be saved if proper medical care is provided but the prognosis is guarded to poor.

Fatty Liver Disease –Diagnosis

The clinical symptoms can not confirm that the cat is suffering from fatty liver disease. Only physical examination, cytology of liver, ultra sound technique, and blood sample analysis can confirm the disease. Fine needle aspirate technique is very simple procedure where there is no need for aesthesia or sedation. The liver cells are extracted using fine needle and are analyzed to confirm the fatty liver disease. Biopsy of liver is the other technique that can confirm the disease, but it is more complicated as it requires anaesthesia. At times there can be life threatening bleeding.

Fatty liver disease -Treatment

Food is the primary treatment tool for the fatty liver disease.  The appetite stimulant and other liver medications don’t bring about desired result in fatty liver disease. Temporary feeding tube is the only treatment option available. Esophagostomy tube and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube are the two most common temporary feeding tube used in the treatment of fatty liver disease. These tubes help the cat to get enough calories without disturbing the liver, thus bringing about changes in metabolic process which helps in the speedy recovery. The cat will start eating in two weeks time from the time we start using the temporary feeding tube in cat and start recovering gradually.

Feline Leukaemia of Cat

June 26, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Diseases

Just as the case of human beings, the cats too suffer from various health issues. One of the most deadly and most common health issues is leukaemia called as feline leukaemia. Many thing that leukaemia in feline is cancer. It is not totally true because it is a virus, highly contagious in nature, which in the due course results in cancerous growth.

This FeLV is retrovirus. This virus can cause cancer only in feline species and can not affect the human beings much to the relief of medical fraternity. 1-2 percent of the cat population suffer from this FeLV infection. The cats that go outside very often are more prone than the cats that stay indoor most of the time. The male cats are more likely to be infected than the female cats. Kittens are more prone than the male and female cats.

In case the cat is infected with the FeLV, the virus can be detected in the blood in about four weeks time. But till that time the cat is likely to be without any symptoms. Few cats can have fever, swollen lymph nodes, diarrhoea, lethargy etc.

The cats that are exposed to slight FeLV exposure, can get away untroubled if the immune system of that particular cat is strong. In case the immune system is compromised, the cat will get the infection even for slight exposure. Such cats will become permanent carriers and pass the virus to the other cats and infect them in due course. These cats will be highly susceptible to various other health related problems. This is certainly because of immunodeficiency. Anaemia, platelet disorder, enlarged lymph nodes, cancers etc are likely to affect these poor cats. Feline leukaemia is just like tip of an iceberg as the cat will be highly prone for many other life threatening diseases.

The good news about this disease is that vaccines are available in the market for this FeLV and are very effective in preventing the disease. The owner should purchase the vaccine and administer to all the cats in his custody. Just providing the vaccine will not solve the issue once for all, as these vaccines don’t guarantee one hundred percent coverage. The cats should not allowed to wander outside unnecessarily thus protecting it from exposure to the deadly FeLV.

RECOGNISING THE URINARY TRACT INFECTION OF THE CAT

June 20, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Diseases

Urinary tract infection in cat is more serious problem in most cases. This can be considered as a lurking danger under guise of infection. The urinary tract infection spreads faster thus making it a problem to bother and not to ignore.

The cats are very cleaver animal when it comes to hiding the fact that they are in pain. This makes it even more complicated. In most cases the urinary tract infection of the cat was diagnosed very late.

Male cats suffer more than the female cats in case of urinary tract infection. The older male cats are  more prone and the urinary tract infection leads to kidney failure in most cases.

There are few signs to look for to identify the cat that is suffering from urinary tract infection. The first and fore most sign is that the cat will avoid litter box for urinating. Instead the cat will prefer to urinate cooler places such as bath tubs, sink etc. This is because the cat will associate the pain induced because of urinary tract infection with the litter box. The outdoor cats are very difficult to spot because they don’t have the habit of urinating in the litter box.

The cat will strain while urinating and in few cases one can notice mewing or yowling. The urine smell will be much stronger than usual and at advanced stages of infection one can notice blood in the urine. The other sign is excessive licking of the genital in an attempt to reduce the irritation and pain. The licking though is not going to help the cat in any way in case of urinary tract infection.

Untreated urinary tract infection will result in total obstruction of the urinary tract thus leading to the death of the beloved cat. Hence, the moment the urinary tract infection is identified, usage of suitable antibiotic should be initiated. The cat should be encouraged to drink plenty of water.

Instead of feeding the cats with heavy meal, several small meals can be provided. The cat should be provided the food that is low in magnesium. In case of more severe infection the cat will be treated at veterinary hospital as in patient till it recovers completely.  In some cases the block in the urinary tract may be removed by surgery.

Older Cat’s Health Issue

June 16, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Diseases

As the cat gets older, senility sets in. the immune system (drop in immunity). On the whole the general health drops and the health issues creeps in. The average life span in cat is around 8-9 years.  The ageing process starts around that in time. There will be gradual decline over all declines in the mental as well as the physical ability of the cat.

Like human beings the rate at  which the senility sets in will not be uniform. Some cats will get older sooner than other cats. This depends on various factors such as breed, food, physical activity etc. as the old age can’t be prevented, the pet owners at best can take few precautions to protect the cat’s longevity and comfort at old age.

What can one do, if he is not sure of the age of the cat?  If the cat was adopted or the rescued one, then you will not know the age for sure. But there are few tips which will help to guess the age of the cat close to the reality. The teeth and the eye of the cat help to ascertain the age of the cat to greater extend.

The teeth of the cat will be completely filled at the age of 6 months. Then the tarter gets filled in as the age progresses. At 2 years there will be mild accumulation of the tarter at teeth. At five years the tarter build-up will be more pronounced at molars and also at canines.

Common health issue in older cats

There are many health issues in older cats. Let’s discuss about few here…

Nutritional issues

As the cat gets older, the metabolic rate changes. The calorie requirement is less as the age advances. If not proper care is given, the cats tend to put on weight at 6-7 years of age. Obesity is the biggest health issue in cat as it may lead to various health issues such as heart problems, diabetes, hypertension etc.

Dental issues

Dental problems are also one of the major health issues in cats. Most of the cats get in to some kind of dental or gum problem at the age of three. The only way to protect the cat from these problems is by brushing the teeth at least two to three times in a week.

Kidney disease

Kidney is yet another challenge the older cats need to face. Chronic kidney failure is one of the major killers of cat. The older cats are more prone for kidney disease. The cats should be given plenty of water. Vitamin-C helps in a big way in preventing the kidney store formation. Even you can try few home remedies for kidney disease.

There are other healths issues like diabetes, hyper thyroidism, skin tumours, heart diseases etc. but proper care will ensure that the cats comfort will be taken care at old age.

 

How to Treat Breathing Problems in Cat?

June 15, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Diseases

Cats are lovely pet animals. There are many health issues the cat needs to face just like human beings. Breathing problems are one among them. But figuring out the root cause of the breathing problem in cat is not going to be easy. Hence, it is better to consult the veterinarian fo the breathing problems in cat as early as possible.

First and fore most breathing problem to be thought of is asthma. The cat will be wide opening the mouth giving you a feeling that the throat is choked with hair ball. But in reality the cat is trying to get more air in. this condition will affect the quality of the life of the animal as the cat will struggle greatly for very survival. Veterinarian’s attention is required urgently here.

Allergies are the other important breathing problem for the cats. Many things such as pollen grains, perfumes, litter material, dust, specific food ingredients etc can result in allergic breathing problems. the allergen has to be identified at the earliest and removed to solve the problem. But, it is not easy though. Only careful observation can pave way for identifying the specific allergens.

Parasite infestation such as heartworm can also lead to breathing problems in cat. Vomiting and gradual weight loss is the only indicator for heartworm infestation. In case of ring worm infestation, the parts or the full worm can be seen in the tool or vomit ion. Consulting the veterinarian is the best for parasite infestation confirmation and treatment.

Upper respiratory infections do result in breathing problem of the cat. They cause hell a lot of stress, coughing and other breathing difficulties. The infection may be bacterial or viral origin.  Bacterial infection can be treated with antibiotics but the viral infection can get cured on its own depending on the immunity level of the cat.

The breathing problem of a cat may be moderate or severe. In general most of the breathing problems will warrant a trip to vet clinic. The moderate breathing problem can become severe if not proper medical care is taken. Hence, the cat owner must be concerned more about the cat if any breathing difficulties are noticed.

Mites in Cats – An Overview

June 14, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Diseases

Mites are nothing but ectoparasites that are microscopic. Mites in cats are an important thing to be looked by the cat owners. These mites go deep in to the skin of the cat. These mite feed and lay eggs in the skin. These mites spread to the other cat very easily. More over, there is every possibility of getting ears mites in cats.

As these mites cause irritation, the cat start scratching the skin till it bleeds. If not treated at once, the wound get infected and the trouble goes on and on. It is not easy to diagnose this mite infection as the symptoms resemble allergic dermatitis.

There are 3 types of mite namely mange mite, ear mite and cheyletiella mite. Let’s discuss few points about all here.

Ear mites in Cats

The cat’s outer ear is affected most commonly. This infection can be noticed as waxy flakes that are brown in color. The cat can be noticed shaking the head continuously. The cat also will attempt to scratch the ear. These are the early signs one can see in case of ear mite infestation. The excess scratching will lead to bleeding wound, which gets infected in due course, if not treated. The best thing would be to get the veterinary help at the earliest.    

Mange mite

There are two types of mange mites. They are sarcoptic mite and demodex mite. Sarcoptic mite is more serious infestation that the demodex mite. Both these mites are highly contagious, hence the infected cat should be separated from the rest of the pack.

The demodex mites are present in the skin of the healthy cat also but lie dormant. But the moment the cat’s immunity breaks down due to any stress or infection or old age, the demodex mite takes upper hand and cause trouble. The demodex and sarcoptic mite cause skin irritation. The cat will lose its concentration and will start scratching. The cat will lose interest in food, play etc. The health of the cat will further deteriorate because of this.

One has to go for veterinary help the moment the mite infestation is suspected. The vet will prescribe oral medication or will go for injection to kill the mite completely thus freeing the cat.

Cheyletiella mite

Cheyletiella mites are also called as “walking dandruff”. These mites appear as white flakes and can be noticed all over the body of the cat. These mites live on the outer layer of the skin and don’t go very deep.  These mites attach with the skin and start sucking the fluid from the cat. These mites have life cycle of twenty one days.  The moment the dandruff like structure are noticed on the cat, one should waste no time in contacting the veterinarian as these mite infestation can spread to human beings too. 

Things to Think Before Treating Cat Allergy

June 12, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Behavior, Diseases

Many are allergic to cat.  Those who are allergic to cat and have one at home, they are the real sufferers. Cat allergy is not a problem for all but a big issue only those who love the cat. These people will have the symptoms after long association with the furry companion. But loosing the companion for the sake allergy is not at all acceptable to them. Hence they have no other alternative but to deal with it.

Allergies are not completely understood by the medical community. Of course there is very good development in the field of allergy but we can’t say complete knowledge and the ways and means eliminating allergic reactions are gained. It is a wonder to know, that some of the experts in allergy medications are sufferer themselves. Their expertise emerges out of their own experience, observation and understanding.

Cat allergy symptoms are manifested in many forms. The allergic reactions may be noticed alone or in combination. They appear and disappear with no apparent reason. Hence one may think that he is suffering from common cold or sore throat, but in reality it is cat allergy. The alleric reaction may be a rash which may respond to tropical medication or not. The allergic reaction may be sneezing and the sufferer may associate it with dust or pollen grain.

At times the symptom may be ringing ear, sneezing fits, burning eyes, watering eyes, sore throat, running nose, skin rashes etc. hold on, if you are cat owner and have any one or combination of these symptoms on a regular basis, then you may be the one who is suffering from cat allergy. Not to worry, there is no need to disown your lovely pet. You can reduce the suffering with the help of medications and still own your lovely pet cat.

One may wonder what the culprit is. The culprit may be the skin flakes of the cat or the hair. The cat has the habit of licking the hair most of the time thus spreading that stuff all around the house inducing the allergy. If you want to confirm cat allergy symptoms, you need to remove the cat from the house for two weeks and clean the house completely using vacuum cleaning. If the allergic symptoms disappear without medication then you can confirm that you are allergic to cat.

How to find your cat is suffering from Urinary Tract Infection?

June 09, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Diseases

Like human beings the cats do suffer from urinary tract infection. In cats the urinary tract infection is referred as silent killers as the cats have high tolerance for this disease condition and show obvious discomfort only at the terminal stages. Hence extraordinary observation is required to spot it early for speedy recovery. As a cat owner you should aware about the UTI of cats.

There are few symptoms to look for. Let’s discuss it out here.

  • The cat will urinate more frequently than usual. The change in urination frequency is an early symptom. But the pet owner must have good understanding and observation to spot the change in urination pattern.
  • The cat will pass the urine with strain. The cat will try to urinate often but end up releasing few drops instead of free flow. The cat is most likely suffering from urinary tract infection (UTI).
  • The urine passed by the cat will smell bad. Besides the urine will look cloudy. If these are noticed then there is a strong case for urinary tract infection possibility.
  • The cat will urinate outside the litter box. At times, kitchen sink can be used for passing the urine. The cat will have pain in case of urinary tract infection.
  • The cat will be grooming the genitals very often. This frequent grooming may be due to the swollen, painful genitals which arise out of urinary tract infection. The cat will be seen crying while grooming which is because of the aggravation of the pain.
  • The cat may pass blood in the urine. This is sure fire symptom of urinary tract infection. Veterinary help should be asked for anon, if blood in the urine is noticed.
  • The cat is lethargic. The abdomen may be swollen. The cat may have fever too. These symptoms indicate the terminal stage of urinary tract infection.

The moment the urinary tract infection is confirmed, one should waste no time and resort to treatment for urinary tract infection. Homeopathic treatment is very effective and prevents recurrence. In addition to this the health of the urinary bladder, urinary tract will improve. The immune system also gets stronger.

Although the cost of treatement for urinary tract infection in cat is more, you can go for "Life Insurance Online Quotes". This will definitely help you for getting more support from the Insurance companies. Think it over to get an affordable policy from pet insurance,

Do the Cats Grieve for their Feline Friends?

June 08, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Behavior

Many have more than one pet in house. This is not very unusual. If you have money and time at your disposal, you can go in for any number of pets. These pets not only develop bond with owners but also with the fellow companions. 

Cats don’t live in packs like dog. They prefer to be only animal in the house. They don’t even prefer other cats to be around in the house. Of late, there is slight change in the cat’s behavior. They adjust to live not only with the other cats but also other animals like dog.

 Here, the relationship of cat with the other animal changes. You can see the cats lying together on a same cushion. You can even see one cat grooming the other. Hence, it will not to be a surprise, if you notice a cat grieving for the other cat or dog. But, identifying the grieving cat is never going to be easy.  The cats will not express their pain in words. The cats won’t shed tear.

The signs of grieving in cat are very similar to the human beings in many other ways.  You can notice loss of appetite. There can be increased noise. The cats may be sleeping more than the usual. All these signs indicate that the cats are under stress because of the loss of its companion.  

Few cats can be seen roaming around the house as if looking for his companion. Few cats will meow for no apparent reason. Few cats will be often looking at the window or the door. Few cats will not play as usual with their favourite toys. Totally the cat will be out of character. It is true; these signs can also be due to ill health of the cat. In case of doubt, veterinary help can be sorted.

But the grieving cat certainly requires the pet owner’s best attention. You should try to engage them more in games just to distract their attention. We should not reward the cat for excess meowing, because the cat may make it a habit.  We need not to rush in getting a new pet for the cat. The cat should be given sufficient time to come to terms with the loss. Let the cats get to its own position in the house after the loss. Then slowly we can think of introducing a new companion. We need to do all this to support the cat grieving after all he or she is like our family member, is it not.