Zoonosis is not a disease, but a tern that means the transmission of disease from animal to humans. In general the disease that affects the man is different from the one that the cats get. But there are certain diseases that are transmitted to human beings through the animals; such diseases are called zoonotic diseases. There is no need for one to get panic. Most of the zoonotic diseases are easily preventable. The zoonotic diseases are not as prevalent as the diseases that are transmitted from human to human.
High risk individuals
The pet lovers are more prone to the zoonotic diseases, there is no doubt. There are so many others who too are at the risk of getting affected by zoonottic diseases. Let’s know who they are. The people who have weak immune system are more prone to zoonotic diseases. The old people, babies, and people suffering from AIDS fall under this category. The people who are undergoing chemotherapy are at great risk. The cancer patients are treated with chemotherapy. The people working in animal shelters, animal care takers and veterinary staff are at high risk of communicating zoonotic diseases.
Mode of transmission of cat diseases
The cat’s diseases are transmitted through various means. One should know the mode of transmission of the cat disease to be wary of the same. The cat disease can spread through contaminated water and food. The contaminated cat’s urine, faces, saliva etc can spread the disease. The parasites like ticks and cat fleas can transmit the cat disease to human through the bite.
Common cat diseases that is transmissible to human beings
Fungal infections – ring worm is the fungal infection of the skin which can be transmitted to human beings.
Toxoplasmosis is a protozoan disease of cat which cat affects the human beings especially the pregnant women. Such people should avoid handling the litter boxes of the cat. Giardia is the yet another protozoan disease that gets transmitted through contaminated faces of the cat and the affected person will have diarrhea.
Rabies is a deadly dangerous disease that gets transmitted from dogs and cats to the human beings. The infected cat’s bite will result in the entry of the virus to the human beings.
Yersinia pestis is caused to human beings through flea bite. The round worm, tape worm and hook worms can be transmitted to children who play with the cats.
Salmonella is present in the faces of the cats and the same bacteria can infect human beings and cause vomiting and diarrhea. Pasturella is the yet another bacteria that can infect both human and cat. Streptococcus can be transmitted to humans from cats and can cause sore throat.
The direct contact with the urine faces and saliva of the cat should be avoided. While changing the litter box one should wear gloves. The cats should never be allowed to the place where food is prepared. The hands should be washed properly after handling of the animal. The vaccination and the dewarming of the cats should never be missed. The cat’s bed material should be washed periodically.