is nothing but the technical term used to describe painful or difficult defecation. In some cats the dyschezia is temporary, where as in others the same can assume more severe form. Hence ignoring painful defecation that persists for long time is harmful.
In general the dyschezia is due to some kind of disorder of the rectum or colon. The same can also be due to the impediment either in the anus or perineum. Perineum is the part that seen around the anus of the cat under the tail region. The dislocation or the fractures of the pelvic bone too can result in painful defecation called dyschezia . One may wonder why? The reason is that the colon passes through the canal which runs through the pelvic bones.
The cats are more prone to urinary tract infection [especially lower urinary tract]. This result in difficulty in passing the urine called as stranguria or dysuria [denotes painful urination]. Many pet owners are likely to confuse dyschezia with either dysuria or stranguria. Hence veterinarian consultation is the best way out to diagnose the dyschezia.
The possible causes are many. Here some of theme. Severe constipation, inflammation of the colon or rectum, cancerous growth or polyps in the rectum or anus, presence of foreign objects in rectum or colon, , narrowing of the rectum or colon or anus, infection of the anal sac, matted hair presence around the anus, injuries, and fractures of the pelvic bone as discussed earlier.
The thing one need to look for diagnosis.
The cats will any one or more of the things mentioned below which suggests that it has dyschezia problem. Reluctance for defecation, blood presence in stool, loss of weight, poor appetite, straining while defecating, vocalization at the time of attempting defecation or distress expressed and diarrhea.
Though the symptoms suggest and indicate the problem to some extent, for confirming the diagnosis, the vet requires conducting few tests. Here they are. Complete blood count, urine analysis, examination of the faces, flexible scope examination of the rectum and colon, biochemical profile of blood and urine, palpation of the rectum, anus, and abdomen.
There are many ways to treat the dyschezia symptomatically, but more opt treatment will depend on the diagnosis of the underlying cause. Clipping of the hair around the anus helps in some cases. Washing the perianal area helps in other. Enemas, use of stool softeners and fluid therapy can be attempted in some cases, especially in constipation or obstruction.
In case of dyschezia arising due to colitis or proctitis high fiber diet offers beneficial results. Stool softeners are beneficial for stricture management and to heal the fractures of pelvis. Incase the infection is the root cause of the problem; antibiotic therapy is the best option. Strictures, tumors, or presence of foreign bodies warrant surgical intervention.