Pyoderma – pyo means pus and derma means skin, hence pyoderma is pus in the skin.
There are many bacteria that cause pustules in the skin of the cat, thus resulting in pyoderma.
There are three different types of pyoderma. They are surface pyoderma– here the infection is noticed on the skin surface, superficial pyodetrma– bacterial infection noticed within the skin and deep pyoderma- bacterial infection under the skin.
The superficial pyoderma cause very severe itching sensation, hence the cat will be seen scratching the body all the times. Deep pyoderma can lead to spread of the infection to the other parts of the body. All the three forms of pyoderma cause maximum discomfort to the cats.
The diagnosis is the key in treating any disease condition, which is true in pyoderma too.
Very detailed medical history , proper examination of the lesions of the body, cytological examination of the pus, culture test, sensitivity test, skin scrapping test, blood test, allergic test etc [any one or more] requires to be performed for proper diagnosis of pyoderma.
The effective treatment of pyoderma is combination of elimination of the underlying cause and symptomatic treatment. Surface pyoderma is treated by clipping the wound and applying chemicals to kill the bacteria completely. Parental Antibiotics are not required as the disease causing bacteria are at the outer surface of the skin. If the hot spot or swelling with pus was due to fleas itching, the flea control program is the best in addition to the symptomatic treatment. If pyoderma is noticed at the skin folds, then the hair around that area is removed to pave way for antiseptic agent application. In case of recurrence, the skin fold needs to be removed using surgical procedure.
The best way to treat superficial pyoderma is by using antibiotics that are effective against staphylococcus. Common antibiotics such as tetracycline, amphiciline, penicillin, amoxicillin etc are not effective in treating superficial pyoderma, hence more powerful latest antibiotics needs to be used. In general, the superficial pyoderma treatment requires long time usage of antibiotic. It is better to know the causative agent to go for more specific antibiotic treatment.
In case underlying cause is not determined, antibiotic shampoo can be used which will prevent the recurrence, that is for sure. There are many antibiotic shampoos available in the market that contains chemicals such as ethyl lactate, benzyl peroxide or chlorhexidine. The same chemicals are also available as lotions and creams which can also be used at lesions. Immune modulators such as staphage lysate can be administered through injections, if the root cause of the problem is allergy.
Deep pyoderma requires aggressive treatment. The antibiotic culture and sensitivity test needs to be conducted for quicker and effective treatment. In case the underlying cause is immune problem, the same needs to be addressed effectively. Whirl pool bath is the other effective treatment option, but the vet of your locality should have this facility. It is always better to be in constant touch with the vet till the disease is completely cured.