Cat Rabies –an Overview

September 29, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Health

Cat Rabies is a deadly dangerous disease causes by a virus. As the disease can spread to the human beings also, one should understand the symptoms of this dangerous disease so that he can approach the veterinary as soon as possible.

Transmission of rabies

Rabies disease is transmitted by the bite of the infected animal such as cat; dog etc. rabies can also spread through aerosol or placental connection. The rabies virus is seen in saliva in large numbers. The one character of the virus that makes it very dangerous is that this virus can live longer out side the host unlike many other viruses.

Signs and symptoms of cat rabies

In this disease the virus spreads only in the nerve and reaches the brain. This virus can not travel fast in the nerves and hence for the virus to reach the brain it takes about 2 -6 weeks. From the brain the virus reaches to saliva through salivary gland. As soon as the virus reaches the brain of the cat, the symptoms are exhibited. There are three different phases of the disease; they are prodromal phase, furious phase, dump or paralytic phase

Prodromal phase

This phase lasts for a day or two in cats. The cats will show fever like symptoms and the behaviour may be erratic. There will a drastic change in the cat’s behaviours all of a sudden. The active cat may become dull or vice versa. There can be dilated pupil, snapping at imaginary objects, excessive drooling etc

Furious phase

At this phase there will be exaggerated response any stimuli. There will be abnormal change in the appetite of the cat.  The cat will start eating anything and everything such as sticks and stones. There will be change in the voice of the cat. The cat will wander aimlessly and may bite itself. The cat will start behaving violently towards the owner too.

Paralytic or dump stage

The cat at this phase will be very depressed. The mouth of the cat will be open and the tongue will be seen protruding. There will be progressive paralysis in the cat. The cat will slowly become week and soon the respiratory problem will follow. This phase will be soon followed by death.   

Diagnosis of cat rabies

As soon as the symptoms discussed above are noticed, the cat should be rushed to the near by vet clinic. The vet will be require the history of the cat from the owner and will study the clinical signs exhibited. The diagnosis can be confirmed only after the demonstration of the negri bodies in the brain smear. The cat rabies can be confirmed by the histopathology of the central nervous system of the cat ,  biological test , skin biopsy, polymerase chain reaction performed on corneal impressions.

Prevention and control of cat rabies

There is no treatment for this deadly dangerous disease and hence one should concentrate on prevention and control. Rabies killed vaccine should be administered intramuscularly when the cat is 8-10 weeks old. The same vaccine needs to be repeated after a month’s time. The same vaccine should be repeated once in a year. The cat that is exposed can be treated with serum and vaccine. The bite wound on the cat should be completely washed with soap and water and the cat can be administered anti rabies serum 6 doses on 0, 3.7, 14, 28 and 90 days after the bite. Read more about cat rabies Here…

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