Upper Respiratory Tract Conditions in Cats

April 06, 2012 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Diseases

The upper respiratory tract conditions in cats are generally referred as kitty colds. These are running nose, sneezing, cough and fever. These symptoms are the result of upper respiratory tract infections and are generally termed as URI. Upper respiratory tract infections are caused by many bacteria and viruses. But there are two major viruses that are often involved are feline herpes virus-1 and feline calicivirus. Chlamydophilia is the yet another reason for the upper respiratory tract infection in cat. Chlamydophila was formerly known as Chlamydia.

Upper respiratory tract infection is a complex disease as so many microbes are the causative agents and the symptoms exhibited are one and the same. Selecting the right drug for the treatment is ambitious as it is very difficult to pin point the causative agent.

The microbes that cause upper respiratory tract infection in cat are highly contagious and as the result the disease spreads very fast from one animal to the other. The cats that prefer to stay indoors are less likely to get infected as the contact with the other animal is very less. The cats that move about and out side the house are exposed to the infected cat and thus get the infection.

The cat that is handled by the person, who is either infected or handled the cat which is infected, will get the infection. The cat that shares the litter box or the food bowl with the other cat is likely to get infected if the other cat is suffering from upper respiratory tract infection.The cat that shares toy with the infected cat also will pick up the infection.

The young and the old cats are more prone for the infections as the immunity level will be low. The cats that are unvaccinated, the cats living in catteries and the cats living in the shelter are at great risk of getting the upper respiratory tract infection.

The FHV is very fragile virus and is susceptible to most of the common disinfectants. This virus can survive only 18-24 hours outside the host. But FCV is strong virus and resistant to many disinfectants. This virus can survive longer time outside the body of the host. In order to protect the cat from the infection, the contaminated cages, water dishes, food and human hands should be washed with diluted bleach or the chemicals designed to destroy the virus.

The other important thing that needs to be noted is that this virus can spread up to 4 feet in air when the cat sneezes or coughs. The cats that are infected with upper respiratory tract will recover faster if appropriate treatment is provided. But nearly eighty percent of the recovered cats will remain as a carrier for few months to few years. These carrier cats will remain normal and will not exhibit any sign of infection but continue to spread the infection to the other animals and will be the source of infection for major outbreak. These carriers may show up the symptoms some times in life especially when they are under stress or not feeling well.

These upper respiratory tract infections are not at all life threatening but are big nuisance. At the same time one should not ignore this infection as it can become serious illness if not attended at the earliest. FHV can lead to ulcer in the cornea of the cat.

The other virus calcivirus has the ability to get entry in to the cell of the lung and can potentially trouble the respiration of the cat. The calcivirus can cause damage to the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract and tongue. Calcivirus can also result in ulcers in the nose but such cases are very rare.

Chlamydophila is mostly associated with the eye infection and at times this infection can spread to the other parts of the body which is serious. The cat should be admitted to the hospital if the cats are not fit enough for drinking the water and eating the food. The cat should be kept under supportive therapy in order to boost the infection.

If you notice the signs like ulcers in the mouth or the eye, dehydration, very high nasal discharge and fever, then the kitten is suffering very badly. The kitten should be taken to the near by vet clinic within no time.

The signs of FHV infection keep coming back. Stress is the reason for the flare up of infection. Introduction to a new cat, journey, surgery etc are the some of the stress conditions that are worth mentioning here.

The kittens that are 5-7 years old are more susceptible for the upper respiratory tract infection. The reason is nothing but low immunity level. The immunity passed from the mother cat will be at very low at that time. At this point of time the organs that are responsible for the immunity of the kittens will not be at its prime. This is the reason why the kittens that are purchased at the pet store or shelter will look at healthy but the moment it reaches the house of the owner, they get sick.

The cats that are admitted in the hospital are administered fluids either through subcutaneous or intra venous method. The cats will also be treated with antibiotics to prevent the secondary bacterial infection.

As most of the upper respiratory tract infections of the cat are of viral origin, self limiting is the only remedy. But the cats should be under other supportive therapy. The cat may be given eye medications in order to prevent conjunctivitis and corneal ulcer.

Anti viral eye medications are must if there are ulcers in the eye of the cat caused by herpes virus. Of late, oral anti viral and immune boosters are available in the market for use and these medications are found to be very effective. L-lysine is one such drug and is very popular. Appropriate vaccinations will help to protect your feline friend. The owner should get the details regarding this vaccine from the vet and should administer the same at appropriate time as advised the vet.

Upper respiratory trract infection in cat is a dreadful condition that needs utmost care to get cured as soon as possible. Otherwise, upper respiratory tract infection would lead to death of your beloved pet. Try to follow the tips given in this article to get cured this condition at no time.

Treating Cat Corneal Ulcers

February 10, 2012 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Diseases

The cats are lovely pets; there is no second opinion on that. The kids just love these creatures as they are handy to play with. The cats are very quiet and cute animals. There are numerous health issues that our feline friend can get. Corneal ulcer is one among them.

If the cat owners are informed about the possible causes and the general symptoms of the corneal ulcer, the lovely cats can be protected effectively. One should know the cornea and its normal function before knowing about the pathology part of it. The cornea is a protecting covering of the eye. The cornea is transparent and has a shape of a dome. There are two important functions of the cornea. 1. The cornea protects the eye from any kind of damage.2. The cornea helps in focussing by acting on the refraction of the light. There are four layers in cornea. If there is any damage in the first layer of the cornea and the same is called as corneal ulcer.

If the corneal ulcer is not attended immediately, the damage can get worse and the micro organisms can enter and damage the other layers one by one. The cornea is having number of nerve fibers and those nerve fibers are attached with the pain receptors. As the result the corneal ulcer and infection is a very painful condition. If not treated at the earliest the corneal ulcer can lead to irreparable damage to the eye.

In general, the corneal ulcers in cat are caused by the entry of foreign particles in to the eye. The corneal ulcer can also be caused by scratching of the eye by the cat. In case you notice yellow or green colour discharge from the eye of the cat then it is suggested that the cat is rushed to the nearby vet clinic without wasting any time. If the corneal ulcer is confirmed by the vet, then he will start the treatment immediately as he is completely aware of the seriousness of the problem. If the damage is mild the vet will prescribe eye drops to treat the infection and to alleviate the pain.

The antibiotic ointments will kill the germs and bring out the relief soon. The ointments should be applied to the eye for at least -4-6 times in a day. The vet may also advise the pet owner to go in for e-collar just to prevent the cat from pawing the affected eye. In case the infection is severe then the vet will go in for surgery. Here the third eye lid will be pulled over the damaged portion of the cornea in order to heal the wound and nourish it at the same time.

We conclude this article hoping that the information provided here will help the cat owner to understand the seriousness of the corneal ulcer and he will be motivated to take the cat to the vet clinic at the very sight of seeing any kind of damage to the eye of his or her lovely pet cat.

Simple Cat Health Tips

May 11, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Behavior, Health

Cat health is an important topic to any cat lover or who owns a cat. These beautiful pets bring great joy into their lives and can provide incredible companionship. But just like human beings, they are also prone to a variety of health issues throughout the course of their lifetime. And when your cat is not well or is showing some concern of a physical problem, it is important to pay attention to the kitty and take care of him or her.  For which you should be knowing the health tips and some worth home remedies.

Your cat’s coat is one of good indicator of the state of your cat’s health. The coat reflects the caliber of level of activity, its diet and overall condition; it should be free from dandruff and have a gleam to it. A dull, dry or course appearance with unusually raised fur is the first indication that you should make some cat wellness checks. If your kitty has any bald patches due to scratching your vetenary doctor will give advice and possibly prescribe treatment.

When your cats sleep for long hours and the whole day, which again is means that the cat has some health issue. The kitty is not willing to eat or even drink there could be a possibility that the cat is unwell.

The eyes of a healthy cat are clear and moist and not be dilated. The cat’s third eyelid plays an important role in cat health. Yes!!! If you notice this third eyelid when your cat is normal. i.e. if it covers the eye even during normal time, your cat is suffering from severe eye illness. This is the high time to go to your vet’s office to get rid of this dreadful situation. If your cat’s eye is affected with a foreign body or subjected to severe stress. Apart from this, if you notice thick yellow discharge, corneal ulcer, redness or swelling in your cat’s eye, it is a casuse for concern.