Cat Diseases- What to Look Out for?

August 17, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Behavior

People just love their pets in the house and are willing to do whatever possible for the better heath of those lovely creatures. The cost involved doesn’t matter for many. Pets are not treated like animals and are treated as family members by most of the pet lovers. for some, the pets are more than their kids. Just like any other creature on earth the cats do get many health problems. This being the case the pet owner must know what to look for to find out that the cat is having health problem. The owner must know when to contact the veterinarian or take the animal to the hospital. If the cat not attended immediately, the situation may get worse soon.  

Some people have opinion that once the cat gets disease, soon the other family members will get the health problems. Most of the diseases of the cat do not get transmitted to the human beings. But the tick and the flea infestation can trouble the children and other family members, hence that should be attended to very quickly. There are no tell-tale sings that can be noticed when the cats are ill. Cats are very strong minded animals and they won’t show any signs until the situation gets really unmanageable. This makes the reading complicated.

The pet owner must observe the cats very closely. Any change in the behavior should be spotted immediately. In case if you are having a female cat, never ignore the change in the behavior as mood swings. The cats that are very pugnacious may become very friendly all of a sudden or vice versa. The personality of the cat should never change, hence please do not ignore if any such thing is noticed in cat.

The change in appearance of the cat needs to be looked in to. The cat may put on weight or may loose weight suddenly. If there is no drastic change in the feed, then this kind of change in weight should not happen. The cat may lose its hair and if the same can not be attributed to old age and then there is cause for concern.

The change in eating habit can also indicate the health problem of the cat. At times the cat can over eat or may reduce their intake. Cats are very picky about their food. Unless the food was changed completely, there is no reason for the cat to refuse food. For any kind of the health problem, the food habit will be disturbed. Hence close observation of the food habit of the cat will help to find out the heath issue quickly.

Likewise the stool of the cat will give hell a lot of information about the health of the cat. The texture and consistency of the stool may give an indication about the health of the cat. The stool may be watery or hard. The color of the stool also needs to be watched to find out the disease problem if there is any. 

Treatment and Control of Flea and Heartworm in Cats and Dogs by Revolution

May 17, 2011 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Diseases
Revolution is nothing but a type of systemic, topical and on- spot medication. Selamectin is the active component of Revolution. Selamectin is not only the parasite killer but also flea regulator. Selamectin prevents flea eggs and prevent the larvae from developing. Revolution treatment should be done at least once in a month to get best results.

Revolution treatment is not only effective against flea problems, but also prevents ear mites, ticks, and sarcoptic mange. Revolution treatment is effective against heartworm disease too. Revolution treatment destroys microfilae heartworm in the blood.

Application Method

Revolution application depends very much on the weight of the dog or cat. More the weight more is the requirement of the active principle. The hair at the base of the neck of the pet [dog or cat] has to be removed. The medicine has to be poured on it now. Care is taken to air dry the medication. The area should never be touched. Sufficient time, preferably two hours should be allowed for the medicine to be absorbed in the system. Now, the pet is ready for bath.

Required Consideration while using Revolution

It is the duty of the pet owner to subject the cat or dog to heartworm test before going for revolution treatment. This test must be done by a qualified veterinarian and he should certify that this cat or dog is fit for revolution treatment. Only then one can go for revolution treatment.

Precautions and Warnings

The pet owners must avoid skin contact. The owner should never come in contact with the medicine. The owner should also never touch the part of the pet that has medicine. Since the revolution contains volatile substances, one should be very careful while handling.

Revolution and its advantages

Revolution is very effective if they are applied on regular basis. Though there are many medication available for flea problems in pet, revolution is cheap, available readily and are very effective as mentioned above. Revolution prevents hookworms and round worms in addition to flea control. Revolution is available in pill form also. Those who want to keep away from the hassles of topical application procedure can very well go for pill form.

 

Alopecia in Cats

May 06, 2009 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Diseases

Alopecia is nothing but complete or partial hair loss. Cat Alopecia can be noticed in any part of the body. Like the human being, the alopecia is a trouble in cats too. Alopecia can be due to various reasons. One common factor is self trauma caused by scratching or chewing. Hair follicle disease can also be a reason. In addition to giving unpleasant look to the pet cat, Alopecia can cause damage to the other organs systems, hence can never be ignored.

Reasons

Allergy – the alopecia can be an allergic reaction to the allergens such as molds, pollens, and food allergens. This kind of alopecia can be noticed on feet, ears, face and other parts of the cat.

Flea- the cats that are allergic to fleas can show allergic reactions in the form of alopecia.

Scabies- sarcoptes scabi also known as mange mite can result in itching which in turn results in alopecia.

Parasites-
parasites such as cheyletiella can cause pruritis which can lead to alopecia.

Pyoderma- pyoderma is nothing but infection of skin caused by bacteria. There are so many species of bacteria that cause pustules in cat which results in pyoderma. The pyoderma that affects the hair follicle can lead to alopecia.

Fungi infection-
dermatophyte is a fungus which damages the hair shaft. This can lead to pruritis or non-pruritis alopecia. The fungi that are seen attached with the fallen hair can transmit the infection to other cats.
 
Diagnosis

The best way to treat alopecia is by eliminating the underlying cause. For this diagnosis of the disease is of prime importance. Here are the discussions about few diagnostic tests.

Skin scrapping- the skin is scrapped using blade and the scrapings are examined for the presence of mite or other parasites.

Trichogram- here a skin is examined through microscope to find out whether the skin fell on its own or by plucking.

Fungal culture examination-
this is done to find out the presence of ringworm.

Skin biopsy-
skin biopsy is nothing but a procedure in which a portion of skin is removed for pathological examination to find out the nature of the alopecia, which helps in identifying the cause. 

Home Care

The cats must be free of flea problem.  In case the hair loss is very severe, the pet owner should take care of the cat by providing sweater to the cat to protect it from winter. The casts must be kept in doors in summer as the possibility and severity of sun burn will be more. For flea control it is better to consult the veterinarian at the earliest for effective flea control program.

Treatment

The best way to treat alopecia is by neutralizing the underlying cause and by offering treatment to cure the symptoms. If Alopecia and Pruritis are noticed together, and then symptomatic treatments such as antipruritis shampoo, antihistamines, corticosteroids or fatty acid supplements are effective. If Pyoderma is noticed with alopecia, then antibiotic treatment is the best.

As discussed earlier pyoderma is secondary to many reasons, hence treating the underlying cause is very essential for complete cure. Matted and dead hair needs to be brushed regularly which will minimize the cat alopecia problem.