May 13, 2012 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - Health
The cats are lovely pets. There are so many health issues in cats just like the human beings. The cancer problem is very common in cats. Let us discuss here about the treatment options available, the expected prognosis and the cat owners role etc.
The cancer treatments are in general time consuming and expensive. The cat owner must clear all his doubts before deciding about the treatment option. Of late the cancer treatment is very effective and there are very minimal side effects due to the advancement in the field of cancer treatment. The pain management and the nutritional support plays vital role in the out come of the cancer treatment. Many cancer types can be cured completely if treated early. The lovely pet cats can live longer now days. The pet owner is also a part of health care team and hence the pet owner should under stand more about the cancer treatment options.
One should be aware that there is no single treatment for cancer. The cancer treatment plan varies from case to case and the treatment option needs to be customized. Cancer treatment is always a combination of treatment. This way the cancer can be treated quickly and the side effects can be minimized to a great extend.
Radiation therapy requires special equipment and not every hospital will have this. Hence it is the duty of the owner to enquire about the hospital before selecting the place of treatment. There are side effects in radiation therapy also. The side effects are because of the burn of the tissues that are located in the vicinity of the affected part. If the tumour is located near very sensitive tissue, then the radiation treatment is bit complicated. The sensitive tissues will be damaged badly due to radiation and the side effect will be more severe. In general the affected good tissue will regenerate in due course and the normal function can be restored.
In radiation therapy the tumour cells are targeted and the radiation renders the tumour cells unable to multiply and as the result the tumour shrinks in size. Over the period of time the tumour cells will be completely destroyed and the tumour will disappear completely. The tumours that can not be removed by way of operation are treated with radiation. The cats are given anaesthesia while treating them with radiation in order to restrict the movement of the animal for better focussing of the targeted tissue.
Chemotherapy is nothing but treating the tumour with chemicals. The chemotherapy is very effective but the side effects are very intimidating. At present different chemicals are used at very low frequency and dosage along with anti cancer agents to improve the efficiency of the treatment as well as reducing the side effects. The treatment is carried out in such a way that there is sufficient time gap between each administration. This will help the cat to cope up with the side effects. The possible side effects are poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, low white cell count, irritation at the sight of the injection, lethargy, poor immune function etc.
The chemicals that are used in the cancer treatment destroy the cells that are dividing faster. The cancer cells multiply faster and hence are targeted by the injected chemicals. The side effects are because the normal cells that divide also get affected by the chemical used to destroy the cancer cells. The cells in the gut and immune system divide faster and hence are affected more during the chemotherapy as they are caught in the cross fire.
Surgical removal of the tumour is very common practice. The external tumours are removed using the surgery. There are so many surgical techniques such as laser surgery, cryosurgery, radiosurgery and traditional scalpel surgery. The most difficult aspect of the surgical treatment is removing the tumour cells completely leaving nothing in the body. In general the surgeon will remove not only the tumour but also the tissue surrounding the tumour in order to ensure the cancer cells are completely removed from the body. The removed tissue will be sent to pathology lab for histopathological study to confirm the diagnosis. As it is not possible to remove the cancer cells completely using surgical technique, this treatment option will be combined with chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
The cancer patient should be given best nutrition. But extra nutrition needs to be avoided. The food provided should be digested easily and ingredient provided should be of high quality. The cat should be hand fed to increase the appetite. At times the appetite stimulant also needs to be provided.