February 22, 2012 :: Posted by - kittyluver :: Category - General
There are so many incurable diseases that can affect the lovely pet cats. The only way to protect the cat is by providing suitable vaccination. The vaccine administered will help the cat to fight the disease producing micro organisms. This can be achieved by developing sufficient antibodies in the body that can fight the germs. These specific antibodies can be produced by administering the killed or attenuated germs that can cause the actual disease. The body in response to this antigen will produce required antibodies which will fight the germs in case of actual exposure.
As soon as the cat is purchased, the cat should be taken to the near by vet hospital. The vet will suggest few vaccinations depending on the age and health of the cat. The vaccination schedule will vary depending on so many other factors such as numbers of cats and other pets in the house.
The general vaccination schedule is as follows:
- Distemper Combination Vaccine (includes panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis and calicivirus)
- Feline leukaemia
- Feline Respiratory disease and
Feline respiratory diseases include calicvirus, Chlamydia and rhinotrachitis. The cat should be protected from all these diseases as these diseases are very common among the cats and these diseases can lead to death or can result in severe side effects. The cats that go outside the house are to be protected against these diseases as they are most likely to get infection from other un- protected pet cats.
In general there are very minimal side effects associated with these vaccines. The cats will be less active for few days that follow the vaccination and there is no need to worry as the cats will become normal in due course. Of course one can not rule out the possibility of severe vaccine reactions but they are very rare. In case the vaccinated cat found to have any reactions such as lethargy, diarrhoea or vomiting, then rush the cat to the near by vet without wasting any time.
If you have purchased a kitten, then they require list of vaccinations that are must. But there should be time gap for the first vaccine. The reason is the kittens will get antibodies from their mother through milk. Such antibodies will react with the vaccine and the desired result could not be attained. Hence the vaccination schedule for cats are as follows:
- Distemper Combination Vaccine – First shot at 6 weeks old followed by every 3-4 weeks of age until it attains 16 weeks of age. Booster at 1 year of age
- Feline leukaemia – Primary dose should be given at 8 weeks old and booster dose after 3-4 weeks of age. Booster at 1 year of age
- Rabies- Vaccination should be done based on local law and type of vaccine. Revaccinate one year later.
The adjuvant present in the vaccine can lead to health problems in the latter part of life; one must be wary of this. As per the recent study these adjuvant can lead to immunological disturbances and cancer in few animals. The adjuvants are added to the vaccine only to improve the efficiency of the vaccine. Most of the vaccines are injected in to the body of the cat. Of course there are nasal spray vaccines also. For the antibody production minimum of 15 days time is required. The cat will certainly require booster vaccination every year without fail in order to protect the cat all through their life. The vet will confirm you the details of the booster vaccine depending on the age, health, environment, type of vaccine, disease prevalent in that area etc.