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Basic Anatomy of Mouth and Digestive System of House Cats

Mouth and digestive system are the important regions one has to know if they are interested to understand the basic cat anatomy. The mouth region is often called as oral region and oral mucosa covers the lips of the oral region and buccal cavity. Ventral buccal salivary gland and zygomatic gland are associated with salivary secretion. Hence, the various structures found in both the mouth and digestive system are finally associated with the digestive functions.

Anatomical structures of mouth and digestive system relate to the oral region and gastric areas and intestinal surfaces. The tongue in mouth of cat bears various types of papillae like filiform, fungiform, vallate and foliate papillae.

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The mouth and digestive system bears the anatomical structures including gastric arteries and veins in cats and the mouth accommodates various teeth structures and pharynx, larynx, soft palate and hard palate are the associated structures in the oral cavity.


When dealing with mouth and digestive system, the stomach has anatomical regions termed as cardia, body and pylorus. The gastric mucous membrane is rose in color. The esophagus enters into cardia of stomach and it is the pyloric part of stomach that ultimately enters into the small intestine. The stomach also has greater curvature and lesser curvature.

Small Intestine

Small intestine comprises duodenum, ileum and jejunum. The small intestine has the outlets from gall bladder through the bile duct and pancreatic duct also opens up in the small intestine and the duodenum is U-shaped organ. In the mouth and digestive system, the small intestine is considered as more unique in terms of location of more specialized anatomical structures in this region.

Large Intestine

Large intestine comprises cecum, colon and rectum. The rectum ends up in the anus from which digesta is excreted after the metabolism. The colon has ascending component, transverse colon and descending colon. The cecum, which is a blind sac, extends to left of the median plane. Textbooks have to be referred if one wants to acquire thorough knowledge on mouth and digestive system.

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  • For a healthy cat feed your cat a well balanced diet.
  • Keep your cats digestive tract healthy by de-worming on a regular basis.
  • Have a veterinarian give your cat a thorough check up at least once a year.